Upcoming Artemis 1 Launch a Step Towards Completing Trump’s Objective
Upcoming Artemis 1 Launch a Step Towards Completing Trump’s Objective

By Katie Spence

NASA’s Moon exploration dry spell is coming to an end on Aug. 29, as for the first time in almost 50 years, NASA is brushing off the Moon dust and going back to Earth’s nearest celestial body.

Artemis 1 is unmanned, but it’s a big step toward getting astronauts back on the Moon’s surface as it’s the first in a series of increasingly complex missions designed to prove that manned, deep-space exploration is possible. The Aug. 29 mission will test NASA’s new Orion Spacecraft, Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, and the updated ground systems at Kennedy Space Center in Florida, NASA states.

Moreover, while getting astronauts back on the Moon is an impressive endeavor, it’s not NASA’s end goal.

Instead, the upcoming missions to the Moon are but stepping stones towards NASA’s ultimate objective of reaching Mars—a possibility, thanks to past President Donald Trump’s directive.

Back to the Moon and Beyond

In December 1972, NASA launched Apollo 17 for a 12-day manned mission to the Moon. The mission was a success and broke records for the longest spacewalk, longest lunar landing, and largest lunar samples brought back to Earth. It was also the last time NASA sent anyone to the Moon.

After the Apollo mission, NASA continued to send crewed missions to space, but astronomical costs and lack of political support hampered further deep space travel.

Enter Trump and his Dec. 11, 2017, directive to NASA, specifying he wanted astronauts back on the Moon.

President Donald Trump (C) signs National Aeronautics and Space Administration Transition Authorization Act into law, in 2017 . (Photo by Alex Wong/Getty Images)

“The directive I am signing today will refocus America’s space program on human exploration and discovery,” Trump stated.

“It marks a first step in returning American astronauts to the Moon for the first time since 1972, for long-term exploration and use. This time, we will not only plant our flag and leave our footprints—we will establish a foundation for an eventual mission to Mars, and perhaps someday, to many worlds beyond.”

Artemis 1 is the result of Trump’s directive and will launch on Aug. 29 between 8:33 a.m. and 10:33 a.m. EDT and travel approximately 1.3 million miles round trip. The destination, according to NASA, is to complete a retrograde orbit around the Moon (meaning Artemis 1 will travel in the opposite direction of the Moon’s rotation).

If everything goes according to plan, Artemis 1 will reach return speeds of up to 25,000 mph, and splash down off the coast of San Diego, California, on Oct. 10.

Mission Objectives

There are three primary objectives for the Artemis 1 flight, according to NASA, and they involve Orion, NASA’s new exploration spacecraft designed to protect humans in deep space exploration, and the SLS solid rocket booster, the largest and most powerful solid propellant booster ever built for flight, NASA reports.

An expanded view of an artist rendering of the 70-metric-ton configuration of NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS). (NASA)

Specifically, NASA wants to demonstrate that Orion’s heat shield can withstand high heat and high speeds; test NASA’s launch facilities and ground-based infrastructure, SLS operations, including separation events during ascent, Orion’s operations in space, plus recovery procedures; and retrieve Orion after splashdown.

A fourth additional object for NASA is demonstrating and testing the rocket’s capabilities and certifying things like Orion’s navigation system.

To accomplish the above, NASA says that after a successful liftoff, the SLS will fire five-segment boosters and separate after about two minutes. Then the core stage will fire its four RS-25 engines for approximately eight minutes.

After jettisoning the boosters, the core stage engine will shut down and separate, leaving Orion attached to the interim cryogenic propulsion stage (ICPS), which will propel Orion towards the Moon, NASA states.

A static hot-fire test of the Orion spacecraft’s Launch Abort System Attitude Control Motor to help qualify the motor for human spaceflight, to help ensure Orion is ready from liftoff to splashdown for missions to the Moon. (NASA)

After the ICPS pushes Orion to leave the Earth’s orbit and travel to the Moon, Orion will separate from the ICPS and use a course-correcting service module for the remainder of the trip.

During the seven-day trip to the Moon, engineers on the ground will evaluate Orion’s systems. Once Orion reaches the Moon, it will fly about 60 miles above its surface at its closest approach and use the Moon’s gravitational force to complete the retrograde orbit, traveling approximately 40,000 miles past the Moon—farther than any other spacecraft designed for humans has flown.

After successfully completing the retrograde orbit, Orion will use the Moon’s gravity to return to Earth, where Orion will undergo its most important tests.

“The primary objectives of the Artemis 1 flight test are to demonstrate the Orion heat shield at lunar return re-entry conditions, demonstrate operations and facilities during all mission phases, and retrieve the spacecraft after splashdown,” NASA states.

Artemis I will be the first integrated flight test of NASA’s deep space exploration system: the Orion spacecraft, Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and the ground systems at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. (NASA)

Lockheed Martin, the prime contractor building Orion says that its life support systems will support long-duration missions, the radiation protection successfully protects against cosmic and solar radiation only seen in deep space, and the heat shield can withstand temperatures of 5,000 degrees Fahrenheit and speeds over 24,700 mph.

Additionally, Orion utilizes a unique communication and navigation system designed for traveling where there are no GPS or communication satellites. Lockheed Martin adds that Orion has “redundant systems,” meaning critical elements will remain operational if something goes wrong.

If Lockheed Martin’s above claims prove true, and the SLS and Orion operate as intended, it’ll help further NASA’s goal of returning astronauts to the Moon, a necessary step in NASA’s ultimate objective—Mars.

Mission to Mars

While the success or failure of the unmanned Artemis 1 is yet to be determined, its importance cannot be overstated. If Orion proves successful during the Aug. 29 mission, NASA plans to move on to its second mission, Artemis II, a crewed mission.

Artemis II is scheduled to launch from Florida in 2023, and will, among other things, test Orion’s critical life support systems with astronauts on board. If Artemis II is a success, NASA plans to launch Artemis III in 2024, with the mission of getting a man and a woman on the Moon’s surface—the first time a woman will ever stand on the Moon.

A full view of Gateway that includes elements from international partners. Built with commercial and international partners, the Gateway is critical to sustainable lunar exploration and will serve as a model for future missions to Mars. (NASA)

However, successfully landing a man and woman on the Moon is only part of Artemis III’s objective. Artemis III is the start of NASA’s plan to launch a crewed mission every year, with a mission objective of establishing “surface capabilities.”

Moreover, during these yearly missions, astronauts will begin construction of Gateway, a space station that will orbit the Moon, and hopefully, according to NASA, be a pivotal step towards getting boots on the ground of the Red Planet.

Affiliate News Feeds

  • Reuters
  • Washington Examiner
  • The Federalist
  • The Epoch Times
  • The Guardian
  • The Gateway Pundit
  • Judicial Watch

By Naveen Athrappully NASA announced on Tuesday that it intends to cancel the development of its GeoCarb mission, which was proposed to be a low-cost satellite aimed at monitoring greenhouse gas… [...]

By Bryan Jung The rate of job cuts in the United States soared 127 percent in November, amid a wave of layoffs in the tech industry. The American employers announced 76,835 cuts… [...]

By Jennifer Margulis and Joe Wang What medicine should you take? How should you treat any given illness? What preventative measures are most effective for you? Which vaccines do you need? These… [...]

A key Senate vote over whether to provide paid sick leave for rail workers is highlighting a divide within the GOP, a party that has increasingly tried to position itself… [...]

Transmission infrastructure will need to double or triple to accommodate the growth. [...]

Bot countries experienced giant leaps in the advancement of their space exploration goals. [...]

Anyone still wearing a face mask to protect himself from Covid probably has no intention of ever shedding it now. [...]

Anyone who actually watched 'Wednesday' can see that the 'racism' accusations are ridiculous and performative. [...]

Chuck DeVore's historical fiction book 'Crisis of the House Never United: A Novel of Early America' demonstrates not only why procedure and patience matter, but also the genius of the… [...]

New York’s quest to replace the troubled Rikers Island jail complex with smaller facilities across the five boroughs could lead to either hazardous overcrowding or the release of dangerous detainees,… [...]

Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.) tried to use federal agencies like the Department of Justice and the Internal Revenue Service to act against groups propagating conservative programs, according to documents (pdf)… [...]

President Joe Biden on Dec. 2 signed legislation that forces rail unions to adopt an agreement, averting a strike by rail workers. “I know this was a tough vote for… [...]

Exclusive: Labour says ministers have been told repeatedly that people with prepayment meters are not getting enough supportCase studies: ‘I can’t afford to heat my son’s room’Up to half a… [...]

Health Security Agency issues rare alert over rise in cases, urging people to seek immediate medical help if they see symptomsQ&A: what are the symptoms and how can strep A… [...]

Moscow says west’s refusal to recognise illegally annexed regions is a barrier to peace talksRussia tested a new missile defence system rocket, its defence ministry said today.The missile was launched… [...]

Infowars founder Alex Jones on Friday filed for personal bankruptcy protection in a Texas court after the Sandy Hook verdict. A Connecticut judge last month ordered Alex Jones to pay… [...]

House Minority Leader Kevin McCarthy is warning GOP House members to vote for him for Speaker or else. The GOP barely took over the US House of Representatives after this… [...]

The U.S. Sixth Circuit Court ruled unanimously to uphold a class action injunction protecting Air Force personnel who declined the COVID vaccine from punitive measures. In the ruling, Judge Murphy… [...]

From Fox News: The Secret Service will not say why they changed their position regarding a government watchdog’s records request into Hunter Biden’s gun investigation records. Government watchdog Judicial Watch… [...]

(Washington, DC) – Judicial Watch announced today that the United States Secret Service has repeatedly changed its position about whether it is in possession of records related to the investigation… [...]

The Biden administration is giving a nonprofit partially funded by leftwing billionaire George Soros’s Open Society Foundations (OSF) $12 million to strengthen labor rights and empower workers in three Latin… [...]


USNN World News (USNN) USNN World News Corporation is a media company consisting of a series of sites specializing in the collection, publication and distribution of public opinion information, local,...