By Sarah Ibanez
New Hampshire’s voting machines known as the AccuVote OS are owned by Dominion Voting Systems. Dominion is a foreign corporation domiciled in Canada which partners with software systems capable of flipping votes.
To the average voter, the protocol standards and identification norms in New Hampshire seem secure, streamlined, and efficient. The ballots are clear and concise enough, and it’s nice that the hand-fed tabulator accepts your ballot irrespective of direction and side. But what happens when your vote disappears into that eager slot?
According to verifiedvoting.org, “The AccuVote OS is a hand-fed optical scanner and tabulator that processes hand-marked paper ballots. After scanning and tabulating ballots, the Accuvote OS automatically drops counted ballots into one of two compartments depending on ballot selection criteria specified by the election management software. It is then configured to communicate with GEMS over a serial or modern connection.”
GEMS Application Software is a Microsoft-based software that automatically generates vote tally files that receive totals needed to produce and distribute accumulated election results. In New Hampshire, LHS has provided computer support and maintenance for our (three-decades-old) voting machines, pairing them with GEM software.
Based in Salem, NH, LHS Associates services 750 localities throughout New England and New York and touts its use of the GEMS Application Software. Its website also notes that “the Accuvote OS Tabulator accurately processes ballots at precincts on election day and transmits its result to a host computer at Election Central.”
As if Dominion Voting Systems was not a big enough red flag, a deeper dive into GEM unearths some disturbing capabilities that can only be described as “not human.”
Bev Harris, the renowned writer and founder of Black Box Voting, has been investigating election transparency and computerized voting since 2002. She wrote a compelling piece entitled “Fraction Magic” in which she reports that software analytics performed on GEMS clearly demonstrate that “a fractional vote feature is embedded in each GEMS application which can be used to invisibly, yet radically, alter election outcomes by pre-setting desired vote percentages to redistribute votes.”
It’s called Fractionalizing. It removes the principle of “one person, one vote” by starting with a preset or assigned percentage for each candidate. It then devalues or overvalues each vote using decimals to mathematically arrive at the pre-determined outcome. The source code instructs the system to treat votes as decimal values instead of whole numbers in order to achieve the set percentages for candidates.
Bennie Smith, application developer and political strategist co-authored the report and was the first to “analyze and discover anomalies and extraordinarily high-risk tampering mechanisms within the GEMS coding. Smith used his database expertise and political science acumen to uncover the sophisticated and extremely stealth coding, which involves applying precinct demographics, voting methods, counting methods, vote counts, and batching methods”.
The results and capabilities are a labyrinth of complex mathematical and statistical engineering that so completely convert votes to a meticulously concocted system of decimalizing, fracturing, weighting, rounding, and remnant clean-up as to annihilate the originally cast ballots. Any fractional vote remnants are further rounded using three or more decimals.
Though complex, the most sinister component of the scheme might be the “weighting.” Smith further contends that the software is capable of utilizing the fractionalized votes to “weight races.” He reported that by using the bar codes on the ballots, the system can assign value to each vote thereby removing the equivalence of every person’s vote.
“Weighted voting systems are voting systems based on the idea that not all voters should have the same amount of influence over the outcome of an election. Instead, it can be desirable to recognize differences by giving each vote different amounts of say (mathematical weights) concerning the outcome.” (Defined by Wikipedia.)
Fractions, according to Harris, “are not visible in result reports, and all evidence that fractional values ever existed can be removed instantly even from the underlying database.” This complex system is virtually invisible to election observers and unlikely to be detected by auditing or canvass procedures. Furthermore, “it can be removed in less than 60 seconds,” Harris reported.
GEMS software is used in many counties within the United States but was used state-wide in Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Vermont as of 2016. (The list in its entirety can be found in Harris’s report at blackboxvoting.org.)
Make no mistake; Dominion owns New Hampshire’s voting machines known as the AccuVote OS. Election officials and Representatives continue to state that Diebold Voting Systems own the machines. They are not. Diebold sold that division to ES&S in 2009.
The chain of ownership of the machines is layered and complex, with UNISYS and NAPT (National Association of Professional Technologies) being the first in 1989. In 1991 NAPT merged with Microtrends to form Global Election Systems, Inc. In 2002, Diebold Security Solutions purchased Global. In 2006, Diebold re-branded their election services department as “Premier Election Solution.” Premier sold the company to ES&S (Election Systems and Software) in 2009. Finally, in 2010, Dominion acquired ES&S.
It is interesting to note that the “Fraction Magic” study cites GEMS as having been operated under five trade names: Global Election Systems, Diebold Election Systems, Premier Election Systems, Election Systems &Software, and Dominion Voting Systems.
The 2020 election may not have been the first to have been determined by GEM software, but we should make it our last.
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